Medicina/Patologia Orală este o specialitate medicală la interfaţa dintre medicină şi stomatologie.
Medicina orală se ocupă cu diagnosticul şi tratamentul bolilor specifice regiunii orofaciale, şi de asemenea, manifestările orale ale bolilor sistemice.
- diagnosticul şi tratamentul nechirurgical al patologiei neodontogene care afectează regiunea orală şi maxilofacială World Workshop on Oral Medicine, June-24, 1988, Chicago, Illinois / editors, H. Dean Millard, David K. Mason, http://trove.nla.gov.au /work/17723600?selectedversion=NBD6926656
"This specific area of knowledge that deals with health and diseases affecting the oral and perioral structures. Understanding the principles of medicine relating to the mouth, and the study of biological, pathological and clinical spheres. Oral medicine includes the diagnosis and treatment of diseases specific to the orofacial tissues, but also oral manifestations of systemic diseases. Furthermore, the treatment involves behavioral disorders, and oral and dental treatment of patients with markedly disturbed general state of health. "
Oral medicine specialist deals with non-surgical medical aspects of dentistry. This action includes the primary diagnosis and treatment of oral diseases that are not treatable by conventional dental-surgical therapy. Oral medicine is particularly close to non-clinical specialty of oral pathology, because the clinical-pathological correlation of diseases of the whole key to proper diagnosis, and thus the therapeutic process. A growing number of high-risk patients who need dental care, both because of longer life expectancy, and because of the emergence of new diseases (HIV) and problems of contemporary therapy (immunosuppressants, cytotoxic substances).
Some of these patients have oral diseases as a result of primary systemic disease. Others just require routine dental care, but their health status requires certain modifications of these procedures, or have special needs. For all those reasons, engaging in oral medicine is a difficult challenge for any practitioner, largely because of the complexity of direct and indirect effects of general health on oral health, but also because of general lack of knowledge of subject matter rooted among fellow dentists
Objectives: research, teaching and health activities aimed at: - disorders of the oral mucosa - salivary gland diseases - orofacial pain and other neurosensory disorders - study of etiology and treatment of oral diseases through basic science and clinical trials - research on the systems of interactions between oral health and treatment of particular risk patients and those taking antineoplastic therapy, use of pharmacotherapy in the treatment of oral and general diseases and the integration of oral and general health.
Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Oral pathology is the specialty of dentistry and discipline of pathology that deals with the nature, identification, and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. It is a science that investigates the causes, processes, and effects of these diseases. The practice of oral pathology includes research and diagnosis of diseases using clinical, radiographic, microscopic, biochemical, or other examinations. (Adopted May 1991)